Category Archives: Vision Disorders

Retinal Vein Occlusions

In the eye (as well as all other body tissues except the lungs), arteries deliver blood to a tissue and veins remove blood from a tissue. The arteries carry oxygen and nutrition to the tissue, while veins remove waste products. … Continue reading

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Retinal Detachment

The retina is essentially a thin sheet of light-sensitive nerve tissue that lines the back wall of the eye, much like wallpaper lines a wall of a room. If the retina tears, fluid can seep behind the retina through the … Continue reading

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Retinal Artery Occlusion

A retinal artery occlusion occurs when the main artery servicing the eye or one of the arteries that branch off of it becomes occlulded. This blockage is typically caused by tiny blood clots, fibrin plugs, or calcific emboli. This blockage … Continue reading

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Pattern Dystrophies

Pattern dystrophies are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion and they involve the Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) and the external macular retina. Pattern dystrophies represent a group of disorders that present in midlife with mild visual disturbances in one or … Continue reading

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Macular Pucker

Macular pucker, also referred to as epiretinal membrane, is a condition in which a thin, membranous tissue grows over the surface of the retina. Contraction of this membrane or 'scar tissue' causes wrinkling of the retina and may result in … Continue reading

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Macular Hole

A macular hole occurs when the vitreous gel exerts traction in the area of central vision, the macula. The pulling of the gel on the center of the retina results in the formation of an opening or hole in the … Continue reading

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of blindness in individuals between 20 and 74 years old. Elevated blood glucose for prolonged periods of time causes damage to the retinal blood vessels (along with the kidneys and nerves). Such damage … Continue reading

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Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Central serous chorioretinopathy is a condition in which "blisters" of fluid collect under the retina, or under the tissue that nourishes the retina, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).   Demographics This condition typically occurs in younger adults between the ages … Continue reading

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Aged Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of legal blindness in individuals 65 years or older. This condition affects the macula, the sensitive central portion of the retina that is responsible for fine vision (reading, driving, recognizing faces) and … Continue reading

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